Activists of Russian LGBT initiatives submitted an alternative report on situation in Russia to the UN Committee against Torture.
The report was submitted by LGBT group “Coming Out” (St. Petersburg), LGBT group “Stimul” (Moscow) and Transgender Legal Defense Project with contributions from Russian LGBT Network.
The main themes reflected in our report include:
– Hate crimes on the basis of sexual orientation, gender identity, gender self-expression; as well as refusals by law enforcement agencies to investigate such crimes or completely ignoring the motive of hatred.
– Cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment of LGBT people by law enforcement officials, persecution of LGBT activists.
– Forced psychiatric institutionalization and treatment of LGBT persons against their will, abuse of authority by medical personnel of psychiatric institutions.
All the data presented in the report refers to the period from 2012 to the present time and is recorded by the monitoring programs of the initiatives that participated in its writing.
From November 2012 to May 2018, at least 322 hate crimes against LGBT people were committed in Russia (excluding the North Caucasus), affecting 351 people. All these crimes included physical violence.
Most LGBT survivors of hate crimes are unwilling to contact law enforcement
agencies because they do not believe that there will be any effect. Out of the 322 cases of homophobic and transphobic violence documented over the past 6 years, there were 75 attempts to initiate a criminal case, 23 of which were successful, with none of the cases classified as a hate crime.
In our report, we present detailed examples of several individual cases, that are the most representative of the general situation in Russian Federation.
The session of the Committee against Torture will be held on 24-26 July 2018 in Geneva. In its practice, the Committee consistently calls upon member-states to adopt specific legislation on hate crimes against LGBT persons and to ensure independent and effective investigation, punishment of perpetrators and compensation to survivors of violence.
On December 10, 1984 the UN General Assembly adopted the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment. It came into force on June 26, 1987 (exactly 31 years ago).
In 1997, on the recommendation of the Economic and Social Council, the United Nations General Assembly proclaimed June 26 the International Day in Support of Victims of Torture.
The Soviet Union ratified the Convention on March 3, 1987. The Russian Federation is currently a member of the Convention.